Summary Of Exodus

the burning bush

Outline or Summary Of The Book Of Exodus In The Bible

When: Around The time of Moses, 1445-1406 B.C.

Who: Attributed to Moses c.f. Exodus Ch.17:14 or Ch.34:27.

People & Places:

Moses; Aaron; Jethro; Pharaoh

Egypt; Midian; Canaan; Mount Sinai.


Now a new king arose over Egypt, who did not know Joseph. (Ex 1:8)

But he said, “Who made you a prince or a judge over us? Are you intending to kill me as you killed the Egyptian?”  (Ex.2:14)

But Moses said before the Lord, “Behold, I am unskilled in speech; how then will Pharaoh listen to me?” (Ex 6:30)

“You shall have no other gods before Me.” (Ex 20:3)

But He said, “You cannot see My face, for no man can see Me and live!” (Ex 33:20)

The Messianic Link:

The Messiah is typified in the life of Moses

The Passover Lamb of Exodus 12

The Manna from heaven in Ch.16

The rock that was struck at Horeb in Ch.17

The Book:

The main story in the book of Exodus is, of course, the departure of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt and the subsequent 40 years in the desert wilderness of the Sinai. After being led there to avoid famine in Joseph’s time, they had become slaves after Joseph died, and a new Pharaoh who did not know Joseph takes command. (Ch.1:8)

The feast of the Passover is inaugurated during this time as God spares the Israelite children from the angel of death that destroys the first-born of the Egyptians.

The episode of the burning bush (Ch.3:1-6), the partings of the Red sea, and the destruction of the Egyptian army, as well as the pillar of smoke by day and fire by night to lead the people, are notable events.

Here also we see the beginning of the priesthood, and the building and setting up of the Tabernacle. The Ten Commandments are set up (Ch. 20) and the worship of the golden calf brings down the wrath of God in chapter 32.

Chapter 35 sees the setting up of the Sabbath day as a day of rest.

In chapter 40 we see the Tabernacle erected and the Glory of The Lord filling the temple.

Brief Summary:

  • God calls on Moses to rescue his people from the land of Egypt
  • The Pharoah refuses and God sent 10 plagues
  • Pharoah eventually allows the Israelites to leave Egypt and they leave with as much gold and precious jewels they can carry
  • The army of Pharoah chases after the Israelites
  • Moses parts the sea and crosses over with the tribes of Israel
  • Pharoah and his army is drowned when the waters collapse on them half way across the dried up sea
  • Moses and the people start on their journey to find a new land

Notes & Quotes:

The book of Exodus, apart from being an historical record of how God rescued his people from the Egyptians, is a record of Redemption and Deliverance. As such it is symbolical of the way in which The Lord has delivered us from the bondage of sin, and freed us through the sacrificial offering of The Lord Jesus at Calvary.

Extracted with permissions from The Bible Brief – Available on Amazon Here.

Summary of Genesis

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